Over the last ten years, instances of musculoskeletal conditions have increased by 25 percent globally. In countries like Canada that have ageing populations, the prevalence of these conditions is even higher.

Advanced medical care has improved overall life expectancy, but quality of life for many senior citizens has fallen. To prevent the onset of musculoskeletal ailments, you need to understand why they are so common in older people.

That’s why we’ve answered some FAQs to help you remain healthy as you age.

What is the musculoskeletal system?

Your musculoskeletal system comprises bones, muscles, joints, and other connective tissue that support and connect these components. It is responsible for providing stability to the body.

How does the musculoskeletal system change as we age?

Over time, the musculoskeletal system undergoes several changes that decrease the body’s tolerance to exercise and make it more prone to injury. Some of the major changes include:

  • Muscle: With age, muscle mass reduces (sarcopenia) and isinstead replaced with tough, fibrous tissue. Furthermore, changes in the nervous system diminish the muscles’ ability to contract.
  • Bone: There is a gradual loss of calcium in the bones as we age. Furthermore, hormonal changes—such as menopause in women—can lead to a decrease in bone mineral density, which increases the risk of osteoporosis.
  • Joints: The synovial fluid that lubricates the joints naturally diminishes in volume as we age. As a result, the joints become stiffer. Increased friction also causes the joints to wear down much faster.

What can I do to prevent these changes?

The good news is that by making some small lifestyle changes, these effects can be minimized. Follow these tips to keep your musculoskeletal system in great shape.

1. Exercise

Physical inactivity is the biggest cause of the above-mentioned problems. Luckily, the extent of these age-related changes can be minimized with regular exercise. Studies show that regular physical activity can help keep your bones stronger, prevent muscle decline, and improve balance and coordination.

2. Healthy Diet

We’ve all heard this at some point in our lives. But as you age, it becomes even more important. Your body cannot tolerate unhealthy foods like it used to. Moreover, eating healthy, nutritious foods replenishes your body and gives it the tools it needs to stay strong. Ask your doctor if you need any supplements.

3. Be aware of your movement

Posture plays an important role in the overall health of your musculoskeletal system. So make sure you’re not sleeping in awkward positions. Don’t overextend your joints or make rapid movements either.

With these tips, you should be able to stay physically fit and avoid body pain. If you’re still experiencing chronic pain anywhere in your body, try PRP therapy.

PRP treatment can help you avoid surgery by healing injured muscles and tissues before the situation worsens. At RegenerVate, we offer injection therapy in Toronto for treating a variety of musculoskeletal injuries.

To talk to one of our experienced physicians, make an appointment today by calling 1 855 847 3975.